There are two basic types of thought and knowledge. Different authors name and describe them differently, but broadly speaking they’re talking about the same thing. A rose by any other name would smell as sweet
The first style in each of the following pairs correlates more with the political left, and both styles correlate with the political right. In short, the Venn diagram of styles of thought is similar to the Venn diagram of moral foundations.
The Independent Whig: Reason and Experience
Karen Armstrong: Logos and Mythos
Jonathan Haidt: Analytic (i.e., WEIRD) and Holistic
Jonathan Haidt: Flatland and Spaceland
Thomas Sowell: Unconstrained and Constrained
Michael Oakeshott: Technical and Practical